Category: Science | Date : March 31, 2015

Commen & ccedil ; ons with a confession : I c & eacute; d & eacute; not the ease & eacute ;, but the urge to put a nice title for a r & eacute; alit & eacute; which is infinitely less.

Because the police is undoubtedly one of the bodies of m & eacute; third, with the professions of health & eacute; and teachers, more touch & eacute; s by burnout.

Over 10 % of them say they are in fact burnt & raquo ;, of AD & egrave ; s a & eacute; study cit & eacute; by my confr & egrave ; re Eric Pelletier in a paper tr & egrave ; s Complete appeared on lexpress.

This week, it’s another survey ecirc & r & eacute you; v & eacute; l & eacute; e by AFP gives the measure of the problem & egrave ; me 45,000 officials & eacute; t & eacute; interviewed & eacute; s.

A 94 % they dé evoke discomfort in the police, as well as poor social climate and m & ecirc ; me & raquo; tr & egrave ; s bad for 82% of those interviewed & eacute; es.

Cons & eacute; accordingly : a decrease in motivation for 62%, and a level of stress, fatigue and irritability & eacute; situ & eacute; between 6.1 and 7.1 on a dé scale 10.

The causes of burnout have & eacute; t & eacute; identifi & eacute; es long.

Overwork, unenforceable guidelines, schedules dé cal & eacute; s, lack of recognition of hi & eacute; chy, pressures of all kinds can not name them all, especially since these factors dé clenchants are probably not sp & eacute; cific police.

But what about the other hand, the lack of support from al & egrave ; guages ​​? Or, to put it differently, the feeling of loneliness that seems to inhabit most of these officials, a feeling that all sp & eacute; ists agree, is a & eacute; l & eacute; ing important in the occurrence of stress? An index among others: the rate of unionization in the police is one of, if not the most dé lev & eacute; all over France.

However, 78 % of police officers rarely or never appeal to unions precisely.

Excessive corporatism ? D & eacute; -co & iuml ; coincidence between the base and the top? Lack of repr & eacute; & eacute sentativit ;? Find the error.



Category: Psychology | Date : March 31, 2015

Autism is manifested by significant difficulties in particular & eacute; s relationship of the child with his entourage, family and social : shifty eyes, & eacute; misunderstood motions challenging personal reports, etc.

And if a small robot humano & iuml ; could to help children am & eacute; improve their social interactions ?

Since the description of the robots and the invention of the laws of robotics in 1942 by Isaac Asimov, dé writer am dé -American of Russian origin, science has much progress & eacute;.

So much so that it becomes possible to see our soci & eacute; t & eacute; s gradually populate be robots increasingly sophisticated & eacute; s, more humano & iuml ; for that will be used & eacute; s to t & acirc ; ches m & eacute; nag & egrave ; res, m & eacute; dicales, polici & egrave ; res, military, recreation, etc.

In honor Asimov, Japanese manufacturers Honda have also baptized & eacute; named Asimo their Premi & egrave ; re s & eacute; rie robot humano & iuml ; for, capable of dé place alone, to recharge, to serve the caf & eacute; or conducting an orchestra.

It is thus not absurd to imagine that within twenty ann & eacute; es, most rich country homes will dé equipped & eacute; s a robot humano & iuml ; to do everything & quot ;, like visiting homes in ann & eacute; es 70-80 of washing machines and other food processors.

The research group on system & egrave ; my adaptive to the university & eacute; Hertfordshire has dé also pens & eacute; another application: interaction with children with autism.

Kaspar, a robot child minimalist expressions.

The mouth can open and smile, t & ecirc ; te, neck, arms and hands are articulated & eacute; s, the eyes can dé place, blink, and are connected & eacute; s of cam & eacute; ras vid dé bones.

Kaspar test & eacute; aupr & egrave ; s of autistic children in the Aurora project.

Children with autism often have difficulty understanding & eacute; facial motions, o & ugrave ; some of their difficulties & eacute; s relational.

They rarely look elsewhere their interviewer in the eye.

Or Kaspar & eacute; t & eacute; con & ccedil ; u with movements of intentionally minimalist face, inspired & eacute; masks used & eacute; s since if & egrave ; cles to th & eacute; & acirc ; Japanese be N & OCIRC ;, or Noh : the face of Kaspar is only l & eacute; g & egrave ; expressive larly, which & quot; Submerge & quot; not the child who observes information & eacute; motional, m & ecirc ; to me it is understandable that the robot expresses joy, surprise, etc.

Kaspar therefore & eacute; t & eacute; About & eacute; autistic children as a tool & eacute; ducatif, under the Aurora project, sp & eacute; d & eacute cally ; di & eacute; the dé study of the interaction between autistic children and diff & eacute; ent robots.

For this, the researchers have made ​​even nicer by putting a baseball cap, children can remove and replace.

The child is then appropriate this r & eacute; facial action and interpret & egrave ; you, learn to look him in the eye.

The latter can dé also touch Kaspar, dé cover her body, which reduces its isolation & eacute; emotional.

This robot & quot; l & eacute; g & egrave ; larly & eacute; emotional & quot ;, which would not tr & egrave ; s expensive made ​​in s & eacute; rie, could therefore help autistic children dé velop gradually improved social interaction, ability & eacute; they can then use in their relations with humans.

A wonderful application of humano & iuml robotics to, so dé loign & eacute; e of some sci-fi nightmares..

Jean-Philippe Rivi & egrave ; re Sources: – & quot; Kaspar the friendly robot helps autistic kids & quot ;, Cnet News, August 25 & ucirc ; t 2010, available online, link found & eacute; Tweet Psychopium – The Kaspar site, university & eacute; Hertfordshire – & quot; Kaspar – A Minimally Expressive Humanoid Robot for Human -Robot Interaction Research & quot ;, Dautenhahn K et al.