Autism is manifested by significant difficulties in particular & eacute; s relationship of the child with his entourage, family and social : shifty eyes, & eacute; misunderstood motions challenging personal reports, etc.
And if a small robot humano & iuml ; could to help children am & eacute; improve their social interactions ?
Since the description of the robots and the invention of the laws of robotics in 1942 by Isaac Asimov, dé writer am dé -American of Russian origin, science has much progress & eacute;.
So much so that it becomes possible to see our soci & eacute; t & eacute; s gradually populate be robots increasingly sophisticated & eacute; s, more humano & iuml ; for that will be used & eacute; s to t & acirc ; ches m & eacute; nag & egrave ; res, m & eacute; dicales, polici & egrave ; res, military, recreation, etc.
In honor Asimov, Japanese manufacturers Honda have also baptized & eacute; named Asimo their Premi & egrave ; re s & eacute; rie robot humano & iuml ; for, capable of dé place alone, to recharge, to serve the caf & eacute; or conducting an orchestra.
It is thus not absurd to imagine that within twenty ann & eacute; es, most rich country homes will dé equipped & eacute; s a robot humano & iuml ; to do everything & quot ;, like visiting homes in ann & eacute; es 70-80 of washing machines and other food processors.
The research group on system & egrave ; my adaptive to the university & eacute; Hertfordshire has dé also pens & eacute; another application: interaction with children with autism.
Kaspar, a robot child minimalist expressions.
The mouth can open and smile, t & ecirc ; te, neck, arms and hands are articulated & eacute; s, the eyes can dé place, blink, and are connected & eacute; s of cam & eacute; ras vid dé bones.
Kaspar test & eacute; aupr & egrave ; s of autistic children in the Aurora project.
Children with autism often have difficulty understanding & eacute; facial motions, o & ugrave ; some of their difficulties & eacute; s relational.
They rarely look elsewhere their interviewer in the eye.
Or Kaspar & eacute; t & eacute; con & ccedil ; u with movements of intentionally minimalist face, inspired & eacute; masks used & eacute; s since if & egrave ; cles to th & eacute; & acirc ; Japanese be N & OCIRC ;, or Noh : the face of Kaspar is only l & eacute; g & egrave ; expressive larly, which & quot; Submerge & quot; not the child who observes information & eacute; motional, m & ecirc ; to me it is understandable that the robot expresses joy, surprise, etc.
Kaspar therefore & eacute; t & eacute; About & eacute; autistic children as a tool & eacute; ducatif, under the Aurora project, sp & eacute; d & eacute cally ; di & eacute; the dé study of the interaction between autistic children and diff & eacute; ent robots.
For this, the researchers have made even nicer by putting a baseball cap, children can remove and replace.
The child is then appropriate this r & eacute; facial action and interpret & egrave ; you, learn to look him in the eye.
The latter can dé also touch Kaspar, dé cover her body, which reduces its isolation & eacute; emotional.
This robot & quot; l & eacute; g & egrave ; larly & eacute; emotional & quot ;, which would not tr & egrave ; s expensive made in s & eacute; rie, could therefore help autistic children dé velop gradually improved social interaction, ability & eacute; they can then use in their relations with humans.
A wonderful application of humano & iuml robotics to, so dé loign & eacute; e of some sci-fi nightmares..
Jean-Philippe Rivi & egrave ; re Sources: – & quot; Kaspar the friendly robot helps autistic kids & quot ;, Cnet News, August 25 & ucirc ; t 2010, available online, link found & eacute; Tweet Psychopium – The Kaspar site, university & eacute; Hertfordshire – & quot; Kaspar – A Minimally Expressive Humanoid Robot for Human -Robot Interaction Research & quot ;, Dautenhahn K et al.